Fracking for Shale Oil

Shale Oil Companies In Trouble as Oil Price Tanks

Still think shale oil will make America oil independent? Still believe the clap trap voiced by most politicians and mainstream media cheerleaders about how shale oil will save us? Perhaps it’s time to reexamine the shale oil industry and the cash requirements of drilling well after well.


The main thing to understand about shale oil wells is that they deplete like crazy. After about two years of production most wells are about done. That means shale oil companies are faced with what’s known as the “Red Queen” problem. They have to drill more and more wells to keep production up.

Drilling all those wells is expensive. Wall Street has come to the rescue and raised boatloads of money from investors who bought into the hype and chased after high yield investments. It’s been another home run for Wall Street. Gullible investors were chasing after the dream of buying into low-grade debt (junk) without worrying about quality.

Now with oil at $50 a barrel and heading lower many shale oil companies have a problem. They cannot service the debt. Not only do the shale oil companies have a problem. Investors in high yield debt are going to get hosed. Wall Street has done it again. With oil above $100 a barrel The “hot market” of the day made for a good story. Now not so much. With financing cut off and the price of oil crashing shale oil companies are in deep trouble. WBH Energy will be the first of many filling for bankruptcy.

The First Shale Casualty: WBH Energy Files For Bankruptcy; Many More Coming

Submitted by Tyler Durden, Zero Hedge, on 01/07/2015

“There are too many ugly balance sheets,” warns one energy industry analyst, adding simply that “the group is not positioned for this downturn.” While the mainstream media continues to chant the happy-clappy side of lower oil prices, spewing various ‘statistics’ about how the down-side of low oil prices is ‘contained’ and the huge colossal massive tax cut means ‘everything is awesome’ for America, the data – and now actions – do not bear this out. Macro data has done nothing but disappoint and now, we have the first casualty of the shale oil leverage debacle as WSJ reports, on Sunday, a private company that drills in Texas, WBH Energy LP, and its partners, filed for bankruptcy protection, saying a lender refused to advance more money. There are many more to come…

In December we illustrated the problem names (in the publicly traded markets) among the most-levered energy companies in America…

American oil and gas companies have gone heavily into debt during the energy boom, increasing their borrowings by 55% since 2010, to almost $200 billion.

Their need to service that debt helps explain why U.S. producers plan to continue pumping oil even as crude trades for less than $50 a barrel, down 55% since last June.

But signs of strain are building in the oil patch, where revenue growth hasn’t kept pace with borrowing. On Sunday, a private company that drills in Texas, WBH Energy LP, and its partners, filed for bankruptcy protection, saying a lender refused to advance more money and citing debt of between $10 million and $50 million. Neither the Austin-based company nor its lawyers responded to requests for comment.

Energy analysts warn defaults could be coming. “The group is not positioned for this downturn,” said Daniel Katzenberg, an analyst at Robert W. Baird & Co. “There are too many ugly balance sheets.”

In 2010, U.S. companies focused on producing oil and gas had $128 billion in combined total debt, according to financial data collected by S&P Capital IQ.

As of their latest quarter, such companies had $199 billion of combined total debt.

Before crude prices began falling, U.S. oil and gas producers were able to acquire leases and drill wells even if that meant outspending their incomes. Debt was used to bridge the cash shortfall so that companies could develop oil fields in Texas, North Dakota and newer locations including Colorado.
Now that is coming back to bite.

The upshot of cash conservation and higher borrowing costs will be less money spent on producing oil and natural gas. Concho Resources Inc. said late Monday that it was cutting its capital spending budget by a third, to $2 billion.

Read more and View Charts: Shale Oil Bankruptcy

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